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Why Is the Wine Bottle 750ml?

Jun. 29, 2020

People who often drink wine will definitely find that the wine capacity of a "standard bottle" is 750ml. Why is it exactly 750ml instead of 1L, 1.25L, or 1.5L like Coke? If it's 1 liter, isn't it much easier to calculate? Wine bottle factory shares with you.

At that time in ancient Roman times, people did not have glass bottles. At that time, wine containers were generally clay containers. The capacity of such vessels is mostly around 700ml. Due to the drinking habits of people at that time, the per capita was about the same as the amount of alcohol a person would drink today. Of course, the ancient Roman brewing technology was far behind compared to the present, and the natural alcohol level is not as high as the current wine degree.

It was not until the 17th century that Europeans invented the coal-burning blast furnace and improved the glass making process. The sturdy and durable glass bottles were used by the wine industry. Interestingly, although after the 17th century, glass bottles of wine were already common in Europe. However, the laws of some European countries stipulate that wineries or wine merchants are not allowed to sell bottled wine-wine that must be sold to consumers in the form of bulk wine. So there will always be a spectacle in the place where the wine is sold-the wine merchant takes an empty bottle on the scene, then scoops the wine from the barrel and puts it in the bottle, and then seals the oak stopper to sell to the consumer. Of course, you can also take your own bottle. This "strange law" was not finally canceled in Britain until 1860 (19th century).

Glass Wine Bottle

Of course, this strange law is inextricably linked to the modern 750ml standard wine bottle. In the era when there was no mechanized blowing, all glass bottles were blown manually, and the size of the bottle was determined by the vital capacity of the glassworker, usually between 650ml-850ml. You may already understand why such "strange" laws exist. Because the glass bottles of that era could not be fixed in size. In order to avoid wineries and wine merchants deliberately using small-capacity glass bottles, the law has to stipulate that the wine merchant must use a standard container to measure the wine in the presence of the consumer and then put it into (various capacity) glass bottles. To put it bluntly, the law needs to ensure that both buyers and sellers are fair and impartial.

When wine bottles can be mechanized, it becomes imminent to define a standard size bottle. The Bordeaux chose 750ml. Burgundy and Champagne chose bottles with an integer capacity of 800ml. The United States has never used the unit "ml" before, so most of them use 1/5 gallon bottles, which is about 757ml. For Beaujolais, a 500ml bottle was chosen. This bottle shape is still used in Tokaji.

At that time, Bordeaux was already well-known, and Britain, known as the "the empire on which the sun never sets", was the largest exporter of French wine. Therefore, more and more winemakers in various countries imitate Bordeaux technology.

However, the headache is that the British unit of measurement is "imperial gallons", while France is "liters". In order to facilitate the conversion, the 225L Bordeaux oak barrels used for transportation are selected as the standard, which is almost 50 gallons; and practice has proved that this specification is also very suitable for marine transportation. But the question is coming again, how many bottles should be divided into oak barrels? Smart people can always think of ways. They found that an oak barrel of wine can be divided into 25 boxes, 12 bottles per box, 750mL per bottle. As a result, the so-called standard bottle was born.

Our company provides a glass wine bottle.